Avoid Plagiarism Quoting Paraphrasing And Summarizing
Apa Citation When Paragraph Is Paraphrasing Whole. When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. If you refer to the authors name.
When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph cite the source in the first sentence.
There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased. The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines provide this example. Even though you are putting a paraphrase into your own words APA requires an in-text citation for paraphrasing.
You can create a parenthetical citation or a narrative citation to accomplish this. All in-text citations will also need a corresponding APA reference in the APA reference list. Even if you put information in your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing you must cite the original author or researcher and the date of publication.
You are also encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number. Check with your instructor to see if page numbers are required. In rewriting you can put proper citation only after each idea so maybe you will put several citations in one sentence.
In paraphrasing you must put citation to the whole paragraph which is. When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph cite the source in the first sentence. There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased.
The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines provide this example. How to Cite a Whole Paragraph From the Same Source in APA Format Short Paragraph. If the paragraph has fewer than 40 words put it within quotation marks.
Before the final punctuation. If the paragraph is 40 words or longer create a block quote. Begin on a new line and indent 12.
Using In-text Citation Include an in-text citation when you refer to summarize paraphrase or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the authors last name and the year of publication for example.
If you are making a broad reference to an entire work while not directly quoting or paraphrasing specific material from the work include only the author and year in your in-text citation. When you are paraphrasing from a short article or document it is not necessary to include page paragraph or heading information. While it may seem weird to put a citation after every sentence in a paraphrase technically APA requires that you.
Make clear exactly what content came from someone elses ideas or words. Show what are your own words and ideas. Make it clear where someone elses writing voice stops.
A paraphrase restates someone elses words in a new way. For example you might put a sentence into your own words or you might summarize what another author or set of authors found. When you include a paraphrase in a paper you are required to include only the author and date in the citation.
Its crucial you reference the author and the year of publication in the context. The extended paraphrase APA citation should include a page number as well. To paraphrase APA you need to concentrate on the specific meaning of the original content you working with and then do your best to maintain this.
Use a wide vocabulary as possible. Thus an end-of-paragraph citation does not meet that requirement. Use a lead-in at the beginning of your paragraph.
Basically introduce the source you are summarizing or paraphrasing at the beginning of the paragraph. Then refer back to the source when needed to ensure your reader understands you are still using the same source. A paraphrase restates someone elses words in a new way.
For example you might put a sentence into your own words or you might summarize what another author or set of authors found. When you include a paraphrase in a paper you are required to include only the author and date in the citation. Heres the information from the source paraphrased instead of quoted.
Note there is no page number when paraphrasing. Tattoos are popular today and were common even in old civilizations Anderson 2002. Heres a combination of a quote and a paraphrase.
See how the parentheses goes at the end of the sentence not the end of the quote. Paraphrasing and Citation Activities APA Style 7th Edition Author. American Psychological Association Subject.
APA Style 7th edition paraphrasing in-text citations Created Date. Type the entire quotation on the new margin and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 12 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout but do not add an extra blank line before or after it.
The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.
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