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Block Paraphrase Apa. As a general rule APA requires proper nouns to be capitalized. With author names however your goal is to write the name as the author him- or herself has presented it in scholarly work. Thus if the name starts with a lowercase letter in the source you are citing as is the case above.
If there are additional paragraphs within the block quote indent the first line of each an additional half inch. Double space the entire quotation For further information and examples consult pages 92 and 171 of the APA Manual. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources.
Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. A block quote is a long direct quote that is separated from the regular text.
By APA standards you use a block text for quotes that are 40 words or longer. A paraphrase differs from a direct quote in that the writer is putting someone elses thoughts and ideas into their own words. There are many ways to paraphrase material.
Here are more examples and some advice. How to Cite Material Without Page Numbers. If the cited material does not have page numbers such as may occur with some e-books and you need them for an in-text citation use any of the following location information instead.
A paragraph number if provided. Alternatively you can count paragraphs down from. Paraphrase in Paper APA If a woman interprets the medias representation of thinness as the ideal she must achieve her sense of self-esteem might be threatened and even damaged making her more likely to exhibit disordered eating patterns Polivy Herman 2004 p.
Citing Paraphrased Material in APA Style. Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format you must place an in-text citation in your paper noting the source you paraphrased. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses and contains the last name of the sources author and the year the source was published.
For any other use please contact the APA Permissions Office. Block Quotation Examples Example 1. This example demonstrates a block quote.
Because some introductory phrases will lead naturally into the block quote you might choose to begin the block quote with a lowercase letter. In this and the later. 1Did you paraphrase effectively.
Or did you patchwrite change only a few words substitute synonyms on a one-to-one basis rather than paraphrase restate in your own words reframe ideas for your paper context. 2How are your sentences different from the sentences from the APA Style team. From those of your classmates or colleagues.
Choose one of three methods. Paraphrase completely format the list as a block quote pulled verbatim from the source or quote individual passages. Whether paraphrasing or quoting always cite the source.
How to cite a paraphrased list When paraphrasing items in a list use a signal phrase or citation in the paragraph text before the list. In APA a block quote contains a direct quotation that consists of 40 or more words. When writing papers keep in mind that you should use block quotations in moderation.
A summary or paraphrase of the information from your sources is preferred. In this article well show you how to properly format APA block quotes. Block Quote Paraphrase Summary Indirect Quote Multiple Authors.
ParaphraseSummary Paraphrasing is when you as the researcher put a passage or idea from another work and into your own words. APA guidelines however do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. According to Jones 1998 APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
Start a block quote on a new line and indent the whole block 05 inches from the left margin. Double-space the quotation and do not add an extra line before or after it. Either cite the source in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation or cite the author and year in your paper before the quotation and place only the page number in.
In research papers students often quote excessively failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim Lester 46-47. Example Block Quote in APA.
Example Block Quote in MLA. How do I format a Block Quote in Chicago StyleCMS. Provide an introduction to the quote.
Begin the block quote on a new line. Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks. Single-space the block quote.
Indent each line of the block quote by \u00bd inch. The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included. Consider using a summaryrather than a short or block quotationwhen preserving the original wording of the source material is not necessary for the reader to.
American Psychological Association APA style provides a simple guideline for how to note your paraphrases in text. Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources authors and the year the source is written.
Just like with the beginning of a paraphrase the end needs to be signaled to the reader in some way. Parenthetical citations go at the end of a quote or paraphrase. In APA format the information in a parenthetical citation is the authors last name a comma and the year of publication.
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