A Great Guide On How To Cite Social Media Using Both Mla And Apa Style Academic Writing Digital Literacy Teaching
Citing A Paraphrased Paragraph In Apa. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition. This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition.
When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number. The format of the page number depends on if the information is on a single page or range of pages.
Examples of Citing Paraphrased Information at the Beginning of a Sentence. Sum up the main idea s of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant.
The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article. When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph cite the source in the first sentence. There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased.
The APA Style and Grammar Guidelines provide this example. 2018 found that for women of color sexism and racism in the workplace were associated with poor work and mental health outcomes including job-related. When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows.
Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993. If you refer to the authors name. As the Publication Manual notes citing your sources is imperative.
Whether paraphrasing quoting an author directly or describing an idea that influenced your work you must credit the source p. Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included.
Lets look at an example of a cited paraphrase. All APA Style in-text citations have two parts. The author and the date.
Some in-text citations also include page numbers or other location information when page numbers are not available as with some online materials. Its crucial you reference the author and the year of publication in the context. The extended paraphrase APA citation should include a page number as well.
To paraphrase APA you need to concentrate on the specific meaning of the original content you working with and then do your best to maintain this. Use a wide vocabulary as possible. Cite web pages in text as you would any other source using the author and date if known.
Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use nd.
For no date in place of the year. Paraphrase citation within the text narrative citation Courtenay 2000 stated that. APA 6th Edition Each instance of quoted or paraphrased information within a paragraph needs a citation.
In-Text Citations Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources author s and the year the source is written. For example consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an authors description of medieval helmets.
Order the citations of two or more works by different authors within the same parentheses alphabetically in the same order in which they appear in the reference list including citations that would otherwise shorten to et al. Separate the citations with semicolons. First paraphrased citations in APA do not require page numbers only quotations do.
Second if you include a page number at the end of a sentence per your example you also need to have the Author and Date in that same citation - either at the beginning of your sentence or in the parenthesis with your page number. Quoting is copying a selection from someone elses work phrasing it exactly as it was originally written. When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends.
Make sure to include an in-text citation. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote. In APA format the information in a parenthetical citation is the authors last name a comma and the year of publication.
If the authors last name and the date were given at the beginning of the paraphrase they do not have to be repeated at the end. A page number is optional for a paraphrase but it is a good idea.
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