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How Do You Cite A Paraphrased Chapter In Footnotes. If the editors of a work are also the authors of all of the included chapters then it should be cited as a whole book using the examples given for Books. The title of the chapter or part and the book title are both given maximal capitalisation. The title of the chapter or part is enclosed in quotation marks.
Chicago book chapter citation. Sometimes youll cite from one chapter in a book containing texts by multiple authors for example a compilation of essays. In this case youll want to cite the relevant chapter rather than the whole book.
The chapter title should be enclosed in quotation marks while the book title should be italicized. Generally use an in-text citation for anything other than your original words. A paraphrased statement generally is cited the same way a direct quote would be.
The in-text citation directs your readers to the reference list at the end of your paper which provides a more detailed description of the source material used. If you are using the notes and bibliography system your direct quotes and paraphrased sentences will be cited with footnotes or endnotes. This means that your shortened citation will appear at the bottom of the page footnote or at the end of your paper endnote and will be noted in the body of your paper with superscript numbers.
A footnote lists the author title and details of publication in that order. Footnotes are used when there are only a small number of references. If there are a large number of notes they may be placed either at the end of the chapter or the end of the whole work.
Here is an example of this kind of referencing. When you have paraphrased a chapter and you want to inform readers of which chapter. If you used information from just one chapter of an edited book cite the chapter you used in the reference list.
Create separate reference list entries for separate edited book chapters that you used. How should a paraphrased passage be cited. When paraphrasing a passage it is essential to express the ideas of the author in your own original words.
However the authors message and meaning should always be preserved. Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. To create a note first insert a footnote in the text of your document.
After a direct quote a paraphrased idea or a reference to a source of information insert a superscript number after any punctuation. In Microsoft Word this can be done by clicking Insert Footnote under the References tab in the ribbon. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition. This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. Chicago footnotes provide a note each time a source is referenced and are often combined with a bibliography at the end.
If you use a bibliography. You do not need to provide the full citation in the footnotes but rather a shortened form of the citationThe reader can consult your bibliography to find the full reference. In case you need to cite a paraphrase in other formats check our ASA APA Chicago or IEEE format citation generator.
Legit Paraphrasing and Writing Help. Learning how to quote a paraphrase is a skill of paramount importance since its chief method through which information from external sources is cited within written works. You need to cite your paraphrased passage right after it appears in your paper.
To do this youll put the publication information in parentheses after the paraphrase. If youre using MLA your parenthetical citation will include the authors last name and page numbers. All the information required in the footnote for a paraphrased sentence is the same as if you were using a direct quotation.
For example you do not need to cite. Canadas Confederation was in 1867. Edmonton is the capital of Alberta.
The style of referencing you are using will dictate which details you include in your citations how you signpost brief citations in the body of the text or in footnotes directly or by assigning a number which links to full details in a reference list and what order you put information in. Check your course handbook to see what style your department prefers. When doing a long summaryparaphrase ie.
A whole paragraph it is best to include the name and the articlewebsitebook title up front this alerts the reader in general where your information is coming from. Then only put a footnote at the end of the paragraph. The author-date style gives you some flexibility in where you place your citations in the text.
Most commonly you will put the citation at the end of the relevant sentence before the period. You can also integrate it into the sentence. If you name the author in your sentence you only need to include the date and page number in parentheses.
The citation format is the same as described in this post. For instance if a source has two authors you would just include both names in repeat citations. If youre referring to an edited collection just cite the authors of the chapter or article youre referencing.
You do not need quotation marks if you paraphrase restate the idea in your own words but you still need to cite the source. Kate Turabian the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago for over 30 years created a guide for students and researchers based on The Chicago Manual of Style. Last Name Chapter or Essay Title in Book Title ed.
Last Name Place of Publication. Publisher date page cited. Author Last Name Chapter or Essay Title shortened if necessary page cited.
Author Last Name First M. Chapter or Essay Title In Book Title edited by First M. Last Name page range.
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