Summarizing Paraphrasing And Quoting A Guide To Doing It Right Be An Example Quote Paraphrase Writing Lessons
How To Paraphrase An Article With No Author. For most sources with no author the year is all you need. However if there is a more specific date listed include as much information as possible. If you have a full date type the year first followed by a comma then the month and day.
Spell all months out in full. Place a period outside the closing parentheses. When a work is published without an authors name begin the works-cited-list entry with the title of the work.
Do not use Anonymous in place of an authors name. An Homily against Disobedience and Wylful Rebellion 1570. For each type of source in this guide both the general form and an example will be provided.
The following format will be used. In-Text Citation Paraphrase - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words. For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.
In-Text Citation Quotation - entry that appears in. If you are citing an article a chapter of a book or a page from a website put the words in double quotation marks. Cell Biology 2012 Nursing 2011 No Known Date of Publication.
Where youd normally put the year of publication instead use the letters nd. If you reference an article from a news source eg CNN NBC Washington Post or a site that may experience continuous updates you would then need to include a retrieval date. New in 7th edition.
You must include the site name in your citation unless the site name is the same as the corporate author. For example a citation of a CDC report. How to cite a paraphrase.
Once you have your perfectly paraphrased text you need to ensure you credit the original author. No matter what citation style you use you always paraphrase in the same way. The only thing that is different is the in-text citation.
When no author at all can be determinedeg. A collaboratively edited wiki or an online article published anonymouslyuse the title in place of the author. In the in-text citation put the title in quotation marks if it appears in plain text in the reference list and in italics if it appears in italics in the reference list.
Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
A paraphrase is different from the original because it uses easier more simple words and phrases. Often the sentences are shorter and written in a more direct style. When you write a paraphrase the writing should sound like you not like an author.
A paraphrase is often longer than the original because you need more words to explain something. Put these six steps for paraphrasing into the correct order by dragging them across to the appropriate number. Revise your writing and compare it to the original.
Put in your in-text references to acknowledge the authors. Change sentences by re-ordering and combining sentences in new ways. Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work.
To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally think about and jot down the sources main points. Then write your paraphrase without looking at the original. Every time you paraphrase or use an idea from another source you must include an in-text citation to that source.
This is the general format for a source that has no author. Article Title Year Note that the comma is enclosed by the double-quote marks not after them. Highlight any phrases that you think carry a powerful meaning and quote them on your paraphrase.
When quoting the authors words you will be reinstating your argument with strong evidence. Always remember to add a reference at the end of your paraphrase. There are different rules to do it so make sure you look for them in advance.
The first step in paraphrasing is to read the original text and get a full grasp of it. You may need to read the original text a few times and check the meaning of key words to fully understand it. While you are reading think about the overall meaning of each paragraph or section - dont just focus on the individual words and sentences.
For a parenthetical citation write your paraphrase and then add the author and year in parenthesis at the end. Use a comma between the author and the year inside the parenthesis and put the period for the end of the sentence outside the parenthesis. Oh say can you see by the dawns early light.
The authors name may be listed at the very bottom of the page or elsewhere with the copyright information. If the page truly lists no author use the title of the page in quotation marks in place of the authors name for the in-text citation. Sources Indicate Deception 2013.
Website with no author and no date. Proper Bibliographic Reference Format. Bibliographic references are double-spaced and indented half an inch after the first line.
If there is no author the article title comes first. If there is no date use the abbreviation nd. It is no longer necessary to include the date of retrieval.
If no authors name is given for the article you are citing and there isnt a corporate author that can be identified begin the entry with the title. Ignore any A An or The when you alphabetize the entry. Where Angels No Longer Fear to Tread Economist 22 Mar.
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