Professional Way To Dissertation Paraphrasing Tool Rhetorical Analysi Essay Informative Writing
How To Quote Paraphrase Apa. A paraphrase restates anothers idea or your own previously published idea in your own words. Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources focus on significant information and compare and contrast relevant details. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources.
Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion as follows. Mother-infant attachment became a leading topic of developmental research following the publication of John Bowlbys studies Hunt 1993.
If you refer to the authors name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text citation instead include the year of publication following hisher. When a work has 3-5 authors cite all the names the first time the reference occurs. In subsequent citations use the surname of the first author followed by et al.
When a work has 6 authors use the surname of the first author followed by et al. Every time the reference occurs in the text p175. When citing paraphrased information APA requires you to include the author and date.
It is also recommended but not required that you include the page number. The format of the page number depends on if the information is on a single page or range of pages. Examples of Citing Paraphrased Information at the Beginning of a Sentence.
This is true not only for directly quoting your sources but also for paraphrasing them -- expressing their ideas in your words. American Psychological Association APA style provides a simple guideline for how to note your paraphrases in text. Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation.
Charges of plagiarism can be avoided by including the proper citation of the work you are drawing from in your paraphrase. The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included. Lets look at an example of a cited paraphrase.
Type the entire quotation on the new margin and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 12 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout but do not add an extra blank line before or after it. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.
When quoting place quotation marks around the selected passage to show where the quote begins and where it ends. Make sure to include an in-text citation. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote.
You must reword the passage expressing the ideas in your own words and not just change a few words here and there. See an example in Section 827 of the Publication Manual. Either a cite the source in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation or b cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotations final punctuation.
6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card.
Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card. APA style prefers you paraphrase information from other sources and that you keep direct quotations to a minimum.
Paraphrases are restatements of written or spoken language in your own words. Do not add your opinions in the middle of paraphrasing or summarizing unless it is clear your ideas are not the original authors. Use Paraphrasing As another option to quoting.
To rewrite someone elses ideas without changing the meaning. To express someone elses ideas in your own words. To support claims in your writing.
Read the text carefully. Be sure you understand the text fully. Put the original text aside and write your paraphrase in your own words.
Include an in-text citation when you refer to summarize paraphrase or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the authors last name and the year of publication for example.
If the source you are paraphrasing is long or complex a page number would help the reader find the original material. Place a lowercase p followed by a period and a space before the page number. If youre paraphrasing material over more than one page use two lowercase ps followed by a period.
Citing Paraphrased Material in APA Style Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format you must place an in-text citation in your paper noting the source you paraphrased. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses and contains the last name of the sources author and the year the source was published. Whenever possible you should begin your citation with the authors last name and the year of publication and in the case of a direct quote like this passage the page number including the p in parentheses at the end.
Running text Author Date. Author Date running text. The citation can appear within or at the end of a sentence and includes the author and date separated by a comma.
If at the end of a sentence a full stop is placed after the citation.
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