Apa Citation Style Essay Writing Skill College Academic
How To Write A Paraphrase Apa. Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
Paraphrases should sound like you using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work. To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally think about and jot down the sources main points. Then write your paraphrase without looking at the original.
Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format you must place an in-text citation in your paper noting the source you paraphrased. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses and contains the last name of the sources author and the year the source was published. When using paraphrased material in an APA style paper keep the following in mind.
Sources should be cited in two places. There will be an in-text citation and also a reference page citation. Citations on the reference page should be listed alphabetically by the authors last name.
5 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing Read your passage until you comprehend its full meaning. As you read jot down bullet points on the facts or opinions presented but do not copy word for word without using quotation marks. Put your passage aside and write out your paraphrase in full sentences.
Whenever you paraphrase a sentence or idea from a source include an in-text citation. This is a parenthetical including the name of the sources authors and the year the source is written. For example consider this sentence paraphrasing and citing an authors description of medieval helmets.
Author Surname et al Year NOTE. The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is shortened to the first authors name followed by et al. In-Text Citation Direct Quote.
Author Surname et al Year page number References. Author Surname First Initial. How to Write a Paraphrase When to Paraphrase.
If the idea being expressed is more important to your paper than the exact words in which it is. Before you attempt to paraphrase a passage read it over a few times. Look for the points that.
To avoid plagiarism and show youve understood the article its essential to properly paraphrase the authors ideas. Do not copy and paste parts of the article not even just a sentence or two. The best way to do this is to put the article aside and write out your own understanding of the authors key points.
APA style prefers you paraphrase information from other sources and that you keep direct quotations to a minimum. Paraphrases are restatements of written or spoken language in your own words. Do not add your opinions in the middle of paraphrasing or summarizing unless it is clear your ideas are not the original authors.
When you quote or paraphrase a specific passage from a source you need to indicate the location of the passage in your in-text citation. If there are no page numbers eg. When citing a website but the text is long you can instead use section headings paragraph numbers or a combination of the two.
6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
At the top of the. Just like with the beginning of a paraphrase the end needs to be signaled to the reader in some way. Parenthetical citations go at the end of a quote or paraphrase.
In APA format the information in a parenthetical citation is the authors last name a comma and the year of publication. APA Style however consistently uses the authordate format to identify an ideas origin. When repeatedly referring to the same source its not always necessary to include a parenthetical citation at the end of every paraphrased sentence as long as the narrative plainly indicates where the information is coming from.
List the date the article was published or last updated. Look for the date of publication at the top of the article under the headline. Place the date in parentheses starting with the year.
Place a comma after the year then provide the month and day the article was published if available. Sum up the main idea s of the authors argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant.
The reader cannot know with one citation which ideas are yours and which are from the article. Learn how to paraphrase in 5 easy steps with 4 helpful tips to ace your paraphrasing game. This video will coverIntro - 0001.
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