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In Text Citation Apa Book Paraphrase. When you write information from a source in your own words cite the source by. Paraphrasing is covered in Sections 823 and 824 of the APA Publication Manual Seventh Edition This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. Although it is not required to provide a page or paragraph number in the citation you may include one in addition to the author and year when it would help interested readers locate the relevant passage within a long or complex work eg a book.
Using In-text Citation Include an in-text citation when you refer to summarize paraphrase or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the authors last name and the year of publication for example.
If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference and may omit the page numbers. APA guidelines however do encourage including a page range for a summary or paraphrase when it will help the reader find the information in a longer work. The first time you cite the work in-text provide each authors last name and the year of publication.
Every other time you cite the same work in-text provide only the first authors last name followed by et al and the year of publication. Six or More Authors or Editors. The APA requires a paraphrase to include the authors last name and the works year of publication but also suggests that the page number of the original text be included.
Lets look at an example of a cited paraphrase. A yellow flower is yellow because it reflects yellow light and absorbs other wavelengths. The red glass of a stained glass window is red because it transmits red light and absorbs other wavelengths.
An APA in-text citation means including the sources author year published and page numbers if available. The paraphrase already has the authors name but the year published needs to be added in parentheses. This is from an online source so no page number is needed.
Citing Paraphrased Material in APA Style Whenever you paraphrase material in APA format you must place an in-text citation in your paper noting the source you paraphrased. An in-text citation is closed in parentheses and contains the last name of the sources author and the year the source was published. Create an in-text citation whenever you quote another work or whenever you paraphrase another work in your own words.
Make sure to include citation information either in the narrative of your paper or as a parenthetical citation. See the examples in the boxes on this page for examples. Running text Author Date.
Author Date running text. The citation can appear within or at the end of a sentence and includes the author and date separated by a comma. If at the end of a sentence a full stop is placed after the citation.
APA citation basics When using APA format follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the authors last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text for example Jones 1998 and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. 3Figure out the in-text citation that corresponds to your reference list entry.
Then add a narrative citation to your paraphrased sentence. You do not need to re-cite the works that are already cited in the published sentences. Research suggests that people exercise less when demands in their job or studies increase.
Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the authors last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. Per APA 7 an option is to cite once in the sentence in which the summary or paraphrase begins and as long as there is some indication that the following information is also from that source subsequent citations in each sentence are not necessary.
In APA you are required to include an in-text citation when you quote or paraphrase in order to document the source of your information. These in-text citation point your readers to more complete citation information in the reference list section of your paper. There are several rules of thumb you can follow to make sure that you are citing your paper correctly in APA 7 format.
Think of your paper broken up into paragraphs. When you start a paragraph the first time you add a sentence that has been paraphrased from a reference - thats when you need to add an in-text citation. In APA Style an in-text citation tells the reader where you got any and all information that did not come from inside your own head.
This is more obvious when you are directly quoting from a source but it is also needed when you have summarized or paraphrased from a source and even if you got an idea from somewhere else. Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word and between the authors names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses.
Research by Wegener and Petty 1994 supports. Wegener Petty 1994.
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