Mla Style Guide
Paraphrasing Author Name In Parentheses. In the example above your reader has all the information needed to key the source to the works-cited list. Repeating the authors name in parentheses would be redundant and since there is no page part or chapter number to give the citation is complete. If no authors name is given use the titleor after the first mention of the title in full a short titleas the signal phrase.
The paraphrase already has the authors name but the year published needs to be added in parentheses. This is from an online source so no page number is needed. With his inaugural speech Roosevelt 1933 was carefully trying to prepare citizens of the United States to face the harsh reality that the Great Depression had caused while also reassuring them that the country would eventually bounce back.
Published authors paraphrase their sources most of the time rather than directly quoting the sources. Student authors should emulate this practice by paraphrasing more than directly quoting. When you paraphrase cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format.
Paraphrases and summaries do not use quotation marks and require the authors last name and year of publication. Page number is not required for paraphrases and summaries. When citing a source you always have two choices.
1 Write the authors name as part of your sentence in the text. 2 Write the authors name in the parentheses. Paraphrasing with authors name in parentheses.
Add the author and. In a signal phrase before the paraphrase or summary include the authors last name. One way to cite in the text is to use a parenthetical citation after the paraphrase.
This includes putting the authors name and page number where you found the information at the end of the sentence and before the final period. Using a website as a source. Paraphrasing does not need quotation marks.
However it is important to cite all paraphrased sentences and paragraphs. In the in-text citation of paraphrased sentences you include the authors last name followed by the page where the sentence can be found. APA style has a series of important rules on using author names as part of the author-date system.
There are additional rules for citing indirect sources electronic sources and sources without page numbers. Citing an Author or Authors. A Work by Two Authors.
Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word and between the authors names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. Authors names must be mentioned either in sentence or in parentheses.
If no author use the title. In your parentheses include just the first three words of the title If its extremely clear in your sentence which authors you are citing you dont need to include their name in parentheses for that specific citation. Whenever possible you should begin your citation with the authors last name and the year of publication and in the case of a direct quote like this passage the page number including the p in parentheses at the end.
Paraphrasing in APA Style Paraphrasing in APA style is slightly different from MLA style as well. Whenever possible you should begin your citation with the authors last name and the year of publication and in the case of a direct quote like this passage the page number including the p in parentheses at the end. Paraphrasing in APA Style Paraphrasing in APA style is slightly different from MLA style as well.
Parenthetical paraphrasing is one in which information about source authors family name followed by publication year separated by comma is indicated at the end of sentence in parentheses. This differs from an in-text citation which incorporates authors name into sentence itself the year still goes in parentheses. Name both authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses each time you cite the work.
Use the word and between the authors names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty 1994 supports. Wegener Petty 1994.
The names of the authors are not included in the sentence but their findings are. Both the author names and the date appear in the parenthesis separated by a comma. A parenthetical citation can appear within or at the end of a sentence.
When a parenthetical citation is at the end of a sentence put a period after the closing parentheses. When you quote or paraphrase from a source book article or webpage in your paper you need to insert a parenthetical citation. This citation typically consists of the authors name year of publication and page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
This is a direct citation Chapman 2019 p. In either the signal phrase or parentheses give only the first authors last name followed by et al. Two or more authors.
Within the text use the word and. If the authors names are within parentheses use the symbol. Cole and Dough 1998 argued.
If they were left to their own devicesCole Dough 1998 Three to five authors. Include all authors last names the first time the citation is used. If you use the same citation again within the same paragraph use only the first last name followed by et al.
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